Answers for the Bannister Federal Complex
Kansas City Bannister Federal Complex Information Portal
   
 
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Glossary

Agencies/Acronyms

ATSDR - Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry establishes the Toxicological Profiles used by EPA. For more information: http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/toxprofiles/index.asp

CDC - Centers for Disease Control

DOE - Department of Energy

EPA - Environmental Protection Agency

GSA - General Services Administration

MODNR - Missouri Department of Natural Resources

NIOSH - National Institute Of Safety and Health

General Terms

Heavy Metals - Lead, Mercury, Beryllium, Uranium, Chromium, Nickel, Arsenic, Cadmium, Cobalt, Manganese. Some of these elements are actually necessary for humans in minute amounts (Co, Cu, Cr, Mn, Ni) while others are carcinogenic or toxic, affecting, among others, the central nervous system (Mn, Hg, Pb, As), the kidneys or liver (Hg, Pb, Cd, Cu) or skin, bones, or teeth (Ni, Cd, Cu, Cr). For more information: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heavy_metal_(chemistry)

MODNR Hazardous Waste Program, Federal Facilities Section - The Missouri Program meant to deal with hazardous federal facilities. The Federal Facilities section of the Hazardous Waste Program has this to say about KCP, “On-site releases of hazardous materials have resulted in contaminated soil and groundwater. Releases from an underground tank farm, a trichloroethylene reclamation facility, a plating building and other industrial practices have resulted in large soil and groundwater plumes containing solvents, Polychlorinated Biphenyls and petroleum products.” For more information: http://www.dnr.mo.gov/env/hwp/fedfac/ffs-doe.htm#kcplant

MODNR Superfund Section - In 1980, the U.S. Congress established the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act, or CERCLA, better known as Superfund. This law was passed in response to the indiscriminant disposal of the by-products of industrial life, which contaminated soil and water, resulting in threats to public health and the environment. The federal law provided both response and funding mechanisms for the cleanup of hazardous substance disposal sites. The Superfund section is designed to clean up contaminated property where releases of hazardous substances have occurred in the past or are threatening to occur due to past practice. The federal law requires the past polluters, called responsible parties, to pay for the cleanup. The Missouri Department of Natural Resources, Superfund Section has responsibility for many of these sites. To contact the Superfund Section, call 573-751-8629. For more information: http://www.dnr.mo.gov/env/hwp/sfund/spf.htm

PCB - Polychlorinated Biphenyls, outlawed since the 1960’s due to extreme hazard of birth defects, sexual cancers, and persistence as a pollutant. PCBs are easily absorbed by fat, do not break down measurably in twenty years of exposure to the environment, and end up concentrated at the top of the food chain, us. For more information: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Polychlorinated_biphenyl

Risk Assessment Guidance for Superfund - The guidelines EPA developed to use when assessing Superfund Sites. For more information: http://www.epa.gov/oswer/riskassessment/ragsa/

Spill Bill - Under the Missouri Spill Bill (260.500 - 260.550 RSMo) responsible parties/spillers are required to report releases of hazardous substances to the department's 24-Hour Environmental Emergency Response (EER) Hotline 573-634-2436 or to the National Response Center 800-424-8802. For more information: http://www.dnr.mo.gov/env/esp/meerts.htm

Superfund Site - Superfund is the common name for the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (CERCLA), a United States federal law designed to clean up abandoned hazardous waste sites. The Superfund was created in response to the Love Canal episode, popularized in the movie Erin Brockovich. For more information:  http://www.brockovich.com/mystory.html, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Superfund, http://www.epa.gov/superfund/policy/cercla.htm

VOC - Volatile Organic Compounds, such as: Benzene, Toluene, Trichloroethalene. All VOCs cause neurological damage, and thus, may contribute to stroke, aneurysms, and brain cancers. In low concentrations, VOCs cause lung, throat, and sinus irritation. Further, long-term exposure may cause sexual cancers, birth defects, developmental disorders, and mutations. Finally, increases in liver, kidney, lung and lymphatic cancer rates from exposure can be extreme. For more information: http://www.epa.gov/iedweb00/pubs/hpguide.html

 

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